HIPAA Rules

HIPAA has a long list of rule and standards that are either required or addressed.  Click below for a complete list.

Implementation Specifications

An “implementation specification” is an additional detailed instruction for implementing a particular standard.  Each set of safeguards is comprised of a number of standards, which, in turn, are generally comprised of a number of implementation specifications that are either required or addressable.  If an implementation specification is required, the covered entity must implement policies and procedures that meet what the implementation specification requires.  If an implementation specification is addressable, then the covered entity must assess whether it is a reasonable and appropriate safeguard in the entity’s environment.

Click HIPAA_Standards for a full list of HIPAA rules, including what needs to be addressed, what is required, and how to address the rule.

Difference between required and addressed

If an implementation specification is described as “required,” the specification must be implemented. The concept of “addressable implementation specifications” was developed to provide covered entities additional flexibility with respect to compliance with the security standards. In meeting standards that contain addressable implementation specifications, a covered entity will do one of the following for each addressable specification: (a) implement the addressable implementation specifications; (b) implement one or more alternative security measures to accomplish the same purpose; (c) not implement either an addressable implementation specification or an alternative. The covered entity’s choice must be documented. The covered entity must decide whether a given addressable implementation specification is a reasonable and appropriate security measure to apply within its particular security framework. For example, a covered entity must implement an addressable implementation specification if it is reasonable and appropriate to do so, and must implement an equivalent alternative if the addressable implementation specification is unreasonable and inappropriate, and there is a reasonable and appropriate alternative. This decision will depend on a variety of factors, such as, among others, the entity’s risk analysis, risk mitigation strategy, what security measures are already in place, and the cost of implementation. The decisions that a covered entity makes regarding addressable specifications must be documented in writing.  The written documentation should include the factors considered as well as the results of the risk assessment on which the decision was based.

For more information, contact the Tier3MD HIPPA Compliance Department.